The main task of breeding in poultry is the creation of new and improvement of existing breeds of birds, as well as crosses and specialized lines when crossing which receive high-performance hybrids. Modern methods of breeding are based on the achievements of genetics and breeding. One of the leading elements of intensive poultry farming is breeding work on the creation and improvement of highly productive lines and crosses of poultry. The effectiveness of breeding and in-depth breeding is achieved if they are carried out in conjunction with a well-organized feeding, cultivation and maintenance of poultry. Selection - a set of measures for evaluation, selection and selection aimed at the creation and improvement of productive, breeding qualities and resistance of poultry.
In recent years in our country there has been a tendency to reduce the share of domestic poultry breeding. The reason for the low competitiveness of domestic breeding products is associated with poor material and technical base of breeding enterprises.In the consumer market there is a tendency to change the range of poultry products, including increased consumption of duck meat through the use of poultry imported selection. Selection of ducks by traditional methods without involvement of essentially new genetic material cannot provide intensive growth at simultaneous decrease in obesity of a carcass and increase in an exit of lean meat.
The Farm JSC "Zelenchuk" one of the first in Russia, engaged in breeding of duck Maledom, which is particularly prized for red meat and fattening on fatty liver FOIE GRAS. Bred on the farm seven species of ducks Blagovarsky Bela, favorite, Bashkir color: khaki, black black and the Peking duck of French breeding Star cross 53, characterized by a small airemote (15%) with a weight odermat - 3.5 kg. at the age of forty two days.